1️⃣biomechanics: 🏋️♀️Typically the torque forces in the barbell squat are slightly greater for the stronger hip joints as compared to the knee joint, although both the knee and hips travel in opposite direction away from the line of force. During execution of a barbell squat, knees and hips travel in opposite directions away from the foot, or away from center of gravity. Torque forces increase through the knee, hip, spine and ankle as exerciser descends. The greatest torque forces are experienced concurrently through the hip, spine, knee. and ankle when initiating the rise out of bottom position.
Torque on the Spine is greater when the torso is at a more bent over angle and the bar is placed higher of the back of the shoulders. The spine is at its greatest compressive load when lifter is at the bottom of the squat phase.
2️⃣leverage: many forces are at play when going a squat, but nothing is more important than leverage for big squats. The mesomorph body type is the most optimal body type to maximize leverage. Shorter femur lengths coupled with a shorter spine increase leverage. The length of your femur coupled with the length of your torso influence torso angle. The strongest torso angle is approximately 45 degrees. Long femurs coupled with a short torso causes poor leverage. Understanding some of these basics will lead to better training, less injuries and more strength.🏋
3️⃣ power: power is generated by the coordinated contraction of muscles. This sequence improves with more time spent lifting weights. One of the biggest contributors to the proper utilizaiton of power is the path the bar travels . If the bar takes the wrong path, you will miss the lift even if you are lifting 50% of you 1 rep max. This is known as a neurological grove or muscle memory. The more you train the more the muscle learns to move in that pattern or move the weight in that path. 🎯
A powerful squat is a great asset to any athlete. If your days of athletics are done, proper sqauting can still be very benefical to add to your routine.